Additional English lessons

Lesson 8: The present continuous tense

Lesson 7: The present Simple Tense

Lesson 6: Round up 2

Lesson 5: Everyday English-dialogues, grammar “Present Simple Tense”

Lesson 4: Everyday English-dialogues, grammar “to be”

School Items

Lesson 3: Reading

Short stories

Lesson 2: Ways to say goodbye

1. Goodbye.

This is the most basic and common way to say goodbye. We can use it in any situation. It is always okay or appropriate to use this.

2. Bye.

“Bye” is the short form of “goodbye”. It is also okay to use this in any situation. Native English speakers will even use it in formal situations. We never need to worry about using this word because it is appropriate for every situation.

3. Have a good day.

This is a very common expression and one that I personally use a lot. We can also use this expression in any situation. We can say this to our friends, and we can also say this to the vice-president of our company.

We use this expression when we are saying goodbye to somebody in the morning or in the afternoon. Do not use this expression in the evening or at night.

When saying goodbye in the evening. We can replace the word “day” with “evening”.

  • Have a good evening.

4. Have a good night.

Obviously, this common expression is only used when saying goodbye at night.

5. Have a good one.

We can always use the word “one” instead of the time word. It has the same meaning. This is used a lot by native speakers.

  • Have a good one.
    (=Have a good day.)

6. Take care.

This is another common way to say goodbye. It is more common to use this expression in more formal situations, but it is okay if we want to use it with our friends or family.

7. Farewell.

This is a formal way to say goodbye. Honestly, it is not used much anymore. It is considered kind of old English. We are more likely to see or hear this in books or movies.

8. See you. / See you later.

This is a casual way to say goodbye. This is usually only used among family, friends, or close co-workers. Also, we only use these expressions with people who we see often.

9. Talk to you later.

This is almost exactly the same #8.

10. Peace. / Peace out.

This is a very casual way to say goodbye that is typically used by younger people. A long time ago, it used to be common to say, “Go in peace”. So, this slang expression comes from that.

11. Catch you later.

This is another casual way to say goodbye. It has the same meaning as “See you later”.

12. Take it easy.

This is a very common way to say goodbye in a casual way. It is casual, but it is used by people of all ages. This expression is telling the other person to go in peace, not worry and to enjoy their life.

Lesson 1: Ways to greet someone

  • 1. Hello.This is the most basic greeting in English. We can use it at any time and in any situation.We can also use it before other greetings, sentences, and questions.
    • Hello. How are you?
    • Hello. My name is Michael. What is your name?
    • Hello. Can you help me with something?
    • Hello. I’m looking for the subway station.

    2. Hi.

    This is a shorter version of “hello”. Some people may say that “hi” is a more casual version of “hello”, but we can also use “hi” in any situation. It is not a problem if we use “hi” in a formal situation.

    3. Hey.

    Now, “hey” is definitely more casual than “hi” or “hello”. It is best to only use “hey” with family and friends, or maybe a close co-worker.

    “Hey” can also be used to get somebody’s attention.

    • Hey Mark! Over here!
    • Hey Ben! Come here.

    4. Good morning. / Good afternoon. / Good evening.

    We can use these simple and polite situations to greet somebody. Obviously, we use different expressions depending on the time of day.

    These expressions are great for formal situations, but we can also use them naturally with our friends and family. Really, these expressions can be used in any situation.

    Note: We use “good night” to say goodbye, but we can never use “good night” to say hello. Even if we are meeting somebody at night, we cannot use it as a greeting. We need to use another greeting.

    5. It’s nice to meet you.

    This is a very polite expression to use the first time that we meet somebody.

    Many times, people shorten this expression and they leave out “It is”.

    • Nice to meet you.

    6. It’s a pleasure to meet you.

    This is the same as “It’s nice to meet you”.

    It can also be shortened.

    • Pleasure to meet you.

    7. It’s good to see you again.

    We use this greeting for people that we have already met before. However, we do not use this for our friends, family, or people that we see often. We use it for people we do not see or meet often but have met before.

    This greeting can also be shortened.

    • Good to see you again.

    We can also change “see” to “meet”.

    • It’s good to meet you again.
    • Good to meet you again.

    8. What’s up?

    This is a very casual greeting that can be used among friends. “What’s up?” is asking if the person has any news or anything special to tell.

    It is common to respond to this greeting by saying “Nothing”. This means that everything is the same and your life is good.

    A) What’s up?
    B) Nothing. What’s up with you?
    A) Nothing new. Everything is good.

    But we can respond in other ways. We do not even need to answer the question because usually “what’s up” is just used as a casual greeting.

    A) What’s up?
    B) Hey. How are you?

    A) What’s up?
    B) I’m good. How are you?

    9. Sup?

    This is a slang version of “What’s up?”. It is used the same way. This is usually used by younger people.

    10. How’s it going?

    This is a very common expression that is used to greet somebody. This expression is asking how a person’s life is going. Are they doing well? Are they healthy? How is their job?

    We can think of “it” as “your life”.

    We can respond to this question any way that we want.

    A) How’s it going?
    B) Everything is going well. How about you?

    A) How’s it going?
    B) Everything is good.

    A) How’s it going?
    B) I’m okay. How are you?

    A) How’s it going?
    B) Not well. I got fired yesterday.

    11. How are you?

    This is one of the most basic greetings in English. In English, it is polite to ask somebody how they are doing when you meet them.

    We can give basic responses like this.

    A) How are you?
    B) I’m good. You?

    A) How are you?
    B) I’m okay. How are you?

    If you respond that you are very good or very bad, then the other person will definitely ask you why. So, only respond this way if you want to talk more about something.

    A) How are you?
    B) I am great.
    A) Why is that?
    B) I finally found a job.

    A) How are you?
    B) I’m terrible.
    A) Oh no. What happened?
    B) My dog died yesterday.

    12. How have you been?

    This question is very similar to “How are you?”. However, “How are you?” is asking about a person’s feeling right now. “How have you been?” is asking about their life from the last time we met them until now.

    We can also answer this question in any way that we want.

    A) How have you been?
    B) I’ve been good. How about you?

    A) How have you been?
    B) I’m good. How have you been?

    13. What’s new?

    This is a casual greeting that is usually only used among friends. It is just asking if anything special or new has happened to a person since the last time we met them.

    A) What’s new?
    B) Nothing.